Falcon 9 • Crew Dragon Demo-2 (63S)• 载人龙飞船首次载人任务 • 美国本土时隔九年后首次执行载人任务•第二次尝试发射成功

When:
2020年5月31日 @ 03:22
2020-05-31T03:22:00+08:00
2020-05-31T03:37:00+08:00


(任务徽标)

(总装厂房内的载人龙DM-2任务飞船)

地点:卡纳维拉尔角LC-39A发射台
火箭:Falcon 9 Block 5(本次发射为猎鹰9型包括重猎与蚱蜢测试机的第101次任务,Block-5构型第26次任务,本次任务火箭芯一级NASA重新启用28年没使用的经典“蠕虫”LOGO图标)
载荷:Crew Dragon 奋进号载人龙飞船
重量:大概12.055KG。二代龙飞船的环评文件批露了它的部分性能参数,飞船空重16976磅(7.7吨),最多装有4885磅(2.2吨)的推进剂,其中包括3004磅(1363千克)的四氧化二氮和1881磅/853千克)的一甲基肼,飞船发射的典型重量在19840到33070磅(9吨到15吨)之间,载人运货时发射重量差距不大。
客户:SpaceX / NASA
轨道:LEO(ISS)
箭体:B.1058.1
回收:海上回收
窗口:为零窗口任务。DM-2任务28号以后的几个备份发射窗口 (北京时间)5月28日04:33,5月31日03:22,6月1日03:00,6月3日03:00,6月4日02:00。

(火箭任务流程)

最后几天任务流程:

(1)北京时间5月23日凌晨4:33进行静态点火测试(已完成)
(2)5月24日宇航员上发射台和飞船进行演练(已完成)
(3)5月28日凌晨4:33发射(目前情况下天气原因可能导致任务延期,现在天气情况好转,60%允许发射,任务取消,顺延第二窗口发射
(4)5月31日03:22分发射(目前第45气象中队预测在明天发射的有利条件是60%,不过跳票风险也不小)任务成功!

回收区的风暴已经离去,现在就看发射区了,发射工位目前雷击天气

(最新消息:预计发射时有降雨和雷暴,川普建议你还是别来)

(局长同志推特)

(最新的北京时间31号当地的天气预报,有所好转,发布该预报后,第45气象中队再次预测在明天发射的有利条件是60%

(此前北京时间31号窗口的天气情况,也不是很乐观)其实这个季节本应该是风暴发生的淡季,在6月之前卡角很少形成这种热带风暴;根据记录,卡角在每年5月27日之前发生过2次热带风暴的年份只有1887年,1908年,1951年和2012年(统计从1851年开始)。当然天气就犹如概率,气象学家也表示,这种风暴尽管在淡季不容易发生但凑足了它的形成条件就没有不可能。(SpaceX爱好者)

对接耗时:23h(其中发射到对接需要18/19小时,平衡气压需要接近3小时)

(对接示意图)

如果一切顺利,载人龙飞船将于美国东部时间5月31日周四上午11点29分(格林尼治标准时间14点18分,北京时间22:18分)与国际空间站的“和谐”舱上的舱口对接对接。它将在美国东部时间5月31日周天中午12点44分(格林威治标准时间16点44分,北京时间6月1日0:44分)完成对接后硬对接流程与平衡气压流程,之后航天员进驻国际空间站。虽然载人龙飞船被设计成自动完成对接,但赫尔利将在交会期间对飞船进行手动操控,以测试飞船的飞行系统。
虽然载人龙飞船被设计成自动完成对接,但道格拉斯.赫尔利将在交会期间对飞船进行手动操控,以测试飞船的飞行系统。
任务时长:2-3个月待定,最长110天。任务组编入ISS远征-63队长期驻留组(虽然还没见航天员佩戴长期驻留任务组徽标)

(航天员合练视频)

(远征-63队徽章)

(国际空间站徽标)


商业载人飞船首发乘员组相关情况与本次任务看点的本站原创文章:


主成员组

宇航员Bob Behnken鲍勃.本肯(左) Doug Hurley道格拉斯.赫尔利(右)

鲍勃.本肯与道格拉斯.赫尔利两人航天飞机时代与商业航天时代对照

1:Robert L. Behnken.中文:罗伯特.L.本肯

【之前参加任务:STS-123、130】空军上校,拥有博士学位的工程师,也是试飞员。于2000年选为宇航员,他完成了6次“太空行走”,总共时间超过37小时。

英文介绍:Bachelor of Science in Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Washington University, 1992; Master of Science and Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering, California Institute of Technology; 1993; Lieutenant Colonel, USAF; Operations Engineer, Avionics, F-22 Combined Test Force, Edwards AFB, California; hobbies: mountain biking, skiing, and backpacking; August 13, 2012 – July 08, 2015 Chief, Astronaut Office, JSC.

2:Doug Hurley.中文:道格拉斯.赫尔利

【之前参加任务:STS-127、STS-135,最后一次航天飞机任务】海军陆战队试飞员,于2000年被选拔为航天员。参与任务中STS-135是航天飞机最后一次飞行,而今年的DM-2将是航天飞机后美国本土第一次载人飞行,他都选入执行任务。

英文介绍:B.S.E. in Civil Engineering, Tulane University, 1988; Lieutenant Colonel, USMC; F/A-18 Project Officer NAS Patuxent River, Maryland; hobbies: hunting, mountain climbing, backcountry camping and NASCAR racing.

备份成员:

1:Lindgren.Kjell.中文:谢尔 林格伦

【之前执行任务:联盟TMA-17M、远征44/45队】

林格伦来自美国的中西部地区童年则大部分时间在英格兰度过。本人通过了紧急和航空航天医学委员会的认证。林格伦毕业于美国空军学院,并进修科罗拉多大学医学学位,因此他也是一位外科医生兼职的战机飞行员。2007-2009年间完成航天员选拔与培训,具备航天员任务资格。

Lindgren hails from the Midwest, but spent most of his childhood in England. Board certified in emergency and aerospace medicine, Lindgren is a graduate of the U.S. Air Force Academy, in Colorado Springs, and Colorado State University, in Fort Collins. Lindgren received his medical degree from the University of Colorado and began working as a flight surgeon at NASA’s Johnson Space Center, Houston, in 2007 before being selected as an astronaut in 2009.


B站转播(2):https://live.bilibili.com/390508
官方出品对接游戏
点击此处进入

难得某媒体也全程的直播


相关新闻:


载人龙飞船基本介绍(来源航天大百科网):

Crew Dragon is a crewed space capsule designed by SpaceX to ferry crews to the International space station. It is based on the uncrewed Dragon supply capsule.

Under the Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CCiCap) initiative’s base period, SpaceX will make the final modifications necessary to prepare Dragon to safely transport astronauts into space. These include:

  • seats for up to seven astronauts.
  • an advanced launch escape system with powered abort possibilities from launch pad to orbit.
  • A propulsive landing system for gentle ground touchdowns on legs with parachutes as back up.
  • different trunk with fins and body and fin mounted solar cells.
  • a docking system, protected by an open- and closeable nose cone
  • Refinements and rigorous testing of essential aspects of Dragon’s design, including life-support systems and an advanced cockpit design complete with modern human interfaces.

The propulsive landing system was discarded in 2017, but might be resurrected in later versions.

SpaceX will demonstrate that Dragon will be able to escape a launch-pad emergency by firing integrated SuperDraco engines to carry the spacecraft safely to the ocean. SpaceX will also conduct an in-flight abort test that allows Dragon to escape at the moment of maximum aerodynamic drag, again by firing the SuperDraco thrusters to carry the spacecraft a safe distance from the rocket. SpaceX expects to undertake its first crewed flight by early 2017.

In September 2014, SpaceX’s Crew Dragon was selected for the commercial crew program and received a funding of $2.6 billion.

The first two operational missions were ordered in November 2015 and July 2016.

The first uncrewed flight demonstration mission (DM-1) was launched in March 2019 and docked successfully with the ISS. After the successful return, the capsule was to be refurbished to fly again on the suborbital abort mission test flight, but was destroyed on 21 April 2019 during a ground test of the propulsion system.

两舱的载人“龙”飞船建立在SpaceX的货运“龙”飞船的基础上,但两者之间存在重大差异。载人“龙”飞船有7个座位(一般任务保留4个座位)、3个窗户(供航天员们欣赏沿途风景)、三个可显示飞船状态实时信息的触摸屏,另外内部温度控制在舒适宜人的18.3℃到26.7℃之间。

(对比阿波罗时代,航天飞机本世纪初升级后玻璃化驾驶舱与如今载人龙飞船的触摸屏,此前DM-2任务的两位航天飞机时代过来的航天员接受采访时着重表扬了载人龙飞船在操便捷作性与人机工效上面的跨时代进步)

此外,飞船还配备八个“超级天龙座”(SuperDraco)逃生引擎,可在发射出现紧急情况时使飞船脱离危险。

载人龙飞船基本数据:

Crew Dragon mass at ISS docking: 12,055 kg(飞船总重12.055吨)Crew Dragon total height: 8.1 meters(飞船长度:8.1米)
Crew Dragon trunk section diameter: 3,66meters(非加压舱最大直径:3.66米)
Capsule diameter: ~2.88 meters(乘员舱最大直径:2.88米)
Falcon 9/Crew Dragon total height: 65.78meters(猎鹰9与飞船整合高度:65.78米)
Crew Dragon capacity: 7 astronauts- 4astronauts plus cargo for NASA missions(飞船具备运载4到7名航天员前往国际空间站并为NASA携带一定数量的货物)
Crew Dragon design life: At least 210 dayswhen docked to ISS(设计具备停泊空间站至少驻留210天的能力)

(执行国际空间站的各型载人飞船对照)

(与现役实现载人的2种飞船同火箭的对照)

当今全球现役且执行了载人任务的三种载人飞船(图片从左至右取自联盟MS-16载人飞船,奋进号载人龙飞船, 神舟九号载人飞船)

(本次任务载人龙基本数据)

(载人龙飞船与老马自家航天员接送车Model X的对照)

(载人龙与现有国际空间站唯一服役的载人飞船联盟soyuz号的对照)


Demo-2任务简介与影响:北京时间5月28日4时32分(美国东部时间5月27日16时32分),两名NASA宇航员罗伯特.本肯(Robert Behnken)和道格拉斯.赫尔利(Douglas Hurley),将乘坐载人龙飞船前往国际空间站。DM-2任务预计北京时间28日4:33AM发射。SpaceX公司有一份价值26亿美元的合同,如果Demo-2号任务顺利完成,预计将在今年8月底开始从crew-1任务开始,发射首批次6次飞行的长期驻留任务。

(本次任务的发射时序参考)
发射23小时后,龙v2飞船将完成同国际空间站对接,稳定对接口与气压平衡,宇航员将在国际空间站驻扎2-3个月。DM-2任务的两名宇航员抵达发射中心,进行最后的发射准备。执行原本7天,如今因波音星际线飞船助攻而延长至最长119天的测试任务。最终执行时间也由crew-1任务最终决定。九年风雨,两个时代,历史时刻,共同见证
(亚特兰蒂斯号航天飞机STS-135任务与载人龙Demo-2任务在LC-39A工位的对照)
本次任务是美国的航天飞机自2011年STS-135任务亚特兰蒂斯号航天飞机执行任务后退役9年来,首次在美国本土由美国火箭发射美国飞船到国际空间站。(航天飞机与载人龙成员组进出摆臂对照)

(与STS-135任务发射执行对照)

载人航天一直由国家或政府主导,成本极高。开展商业载人航天的目的就是要降低成本,采用‘打的’模式进行载人航天的天地往返,载人‘龙’飞船的此次试飞等于真正拉开了商业载人航天的序幕。” 如果载人飞行取得成功,那么,不仅能恢复美国将航天员送往空间站的能力,也有望开启美国商业载人航天的新时代。(科技日报)

并且,载人龙飞船任务执行中舒适度的提升与载人人数与驻留时间的提升明显提升了空间站人员工作效率与航天员选拔时的严苛标准,特别是提升在维护空间站运作同时对于科研任务的安排。且在遇到紧急情况时处于各舱段的航天员能有更多的选择与对接口进行有效逃生。且本站认为:其实对载人龙的期待并不是在于大部分关注的其终结了联盟(soyuz)的垄断,关键在于他能否开启太空旅游平民化的时代

人员运输车辆变革:

(商业载人航天时代,这辆1984年改装用了几十年的老爷房车也由各自的新车取代)

(紧急情况地面逃生车也从阿波罗时代用上的M-113换成了加拿大的senator APC,如炸平发射台的问题,与逃逸吊篮一道从种措施可保护工位的人员安全)

SpaceX舱内航天服看点:

(老美历代现役舱内加压航天服) 注意SpaceX的航天服,宇航员的所有环境控制和生命保障的管路只有一根。 就是以前要分开的1:测血压(据说其手套自带测血氧),心跳,生命体征的线路:2:提供衣服冷却或者是加热的循环管路:3:还有提供呼吸用的氧气的管路,全都被合成在一起了。 与此相比在传统的舱内航天服上这些管路都是要单独接的。先忽略某强企公司的航天服,其管路设置和毛子的索科尔倒是类似。还有,图片中航天飞机ACES航天服与载人龙例子的航天员是同一人:道格拉斯•赫尔利。

两代龙飞船对比

载人龙飞船预计最早于今年十月执行货运版无人任务CRS-21,取代一代货运龙飞船

成本对比:

国外几种飞船航天员单个座位价格比较

国外几种飞船项目研发成本比较

(本次龙飞船为空间站带去由高中生制作的储物箱)

此前报道:据凤凰网报道:预计在今年春天,SpaceX 将要进行首次正式载人发射任务,将首批两名宇航员 Bob Behnken 和 Doug Hurley 送上国际空间站,他们也将有望成为首批商业载人发射任务的宇航员。如今,SpaceX 已经完成正式发生前最后一项关键测试——飞行终止测试,近日,SpaceX 对外宣布,数据显示飞行终止测试圆满成功,至此,SpaceX 已经扫除了所有关键障碍,无限接近成为史上首个私营载人航天发射商。

图 | 宇航员Robert L. Behnken(左) Doug Hurley(右)进行登船演练(来源:SpaceX)

北京时间 1 月 19 日晚上,SpaceX 的载人航天计划迎来了发射前的最重要一次测试——载人龙飞船的飞行终止测试。

一枚四手猎鹰 9 号火箭搭载着载人龙飞船在肯尼迪航天中心发射场点火升空,经过约 1 分 26 秒飞行后,火箭发动机停车,龙飞船按计划在超音速的条件下启动逃逸系统。龙飞船上 8 台发动机在近 20 公里左右的高度同时启动,在短短 2 秒内迅速脱离猎鹰 9 号火箭。

图 | 载人飞船逃离火箭瞬间(来源:SpaceX)

而同样在超音速情况下飞行的猎鹰 9 号则在飞船脱离的瞬间失去姿态,在数秒内解体爆炸,上百吨燃料在空中炸成一团火焰,为龙飞船的终止测试上演了一幕最极端、也是最为真实的“意外情况“。

图 | 猎鹰 9 号火箭爆炸瞬间

在随后载人飞船着陆过程中,一个小型降落伞先打开,稳定住不断旋转的飞船。随后 4 个主降落伞展开让飞船缓慢落在海上,最终,飞行终止测试仅过了不到 10 分钟便宣告完成。

近日,SpaceX 对外公布了飞行终止测试数据,显示 8 台 SuperDracos 在大约 7 秒钟的时间内将飞船从约 1200 英里 / 小时加速到超过 1500 英里 / 小时 (约 675 米 / 秒),将飞船从猎鹰 9 火箭上推走,当时飞船最大加速度达到了 3.3g。

对于飞船的在逃逸测试中的表现,SpaceX 将其称为“完美“。

图 | 完成测试的载人龙飞船(来源:SpaceX)

作为将要乘坐载人龙飞船进行飞行任务的两名宇航员,Bob Behnken 和 Doug Hurley 也现身测试现场,甚至还穿上了发射时才需要穿着的宇航服,在测试开始前进行了一次登船演练,可以说是是一次完整的带妆彩排。

Doug Hurley 在接受媒体采访时表示,随着发射时间临近,两名宇航员也变得更加繁忙,且由于 SpaceX 龙飞船的多数准备工作在美国加州进行,两名宇航员也更加频繁现身加州,进行正式发射前的最后阶段准备。

图 | 载人龙飞船

虽然载人航天发射早已成为一个稳定且常规的发射任务,但对 Bob Behnken 和 Doug Hurley 来说,属于他们的载人发射将是开启私营载人航天大时代的关键发射。

自 2011 年航天飞机退役以后,美国至今还未具备将宇航员送上太空的能力,过去超过 8 年时间里一直倚赖俄罗斯联盟号火箭进行载人发射任务,运送宇航员往返国际空间站。

因此,Robret.L.Behnken 和 Doug Hurley 的发射任务有望开启美国载人航天的新时代:不依靠俄罗斯火箭而从美国本土发射、乘坐 SpaceX 的龙飞船而成为首批乘坐商业载人飞船的宇航员。

私营载人航天的时代有望在春天到来。


更新:

【2020年05月31日】今天准时成功发射,一级回收成功,预计北京时间约22点29进行对接
【2020年5月31日】截止发稿的0:26分,航天员已经出征抵达39A工位,天气不错,拭目以待!还有,央视新闻微博直播任务!
【2020年05月30日】目前,45气象中队预测在明天发射的有利条件是60%,天气模型也显示了整个飞行路径条件的改善,如果再不发射,台风 (红圈中) 就要来了。图为北京时间今天15时10分的云图。

【2020年05月30日】卡角以及相关海域目前天气好转,此前天气预报表明以有50%的发射可行性,明天凌晨能否发射还得拭目以待,祝好运。
【2020年05月29日】目前天气预报,5月31日及6月1日只有40%可以发射。若仍不能发射,下一个发射机会为6月3日及6月4日。
【2020年05月28日】发射程序于点火前16分53秒由于天气原因被叫停,计划将使用北京时间5月31日03:22:45的备用发射窗口再次尝试,目前备用窗口天气放行率为60%。
【2020年05月27日】昨晚火箭的放倒是支架顶部冷却水循环出了点问题,修复后火箭重新起竖,不影响发射时间。北京时间04:33分能否发射具体得得到今晚12点左右,航天员出征则尘埃落定。
【2020年5月26日】NASA和SpaceX确认首次载人飞行任务通过最后的飞行准备审查。SpaceX公司的猎鹰9号和载人龙飞船将搭载NASA宇航员Doug Hurley和Bob Behnken飞往国际空间站。该机构和SpaceX公司周一都宣布,它们已经正式通过了最后的飞行准备审查,这意味着一切都将“准备就绪”,可以进行发射。据NASA商业乘员项目经理Kathy Leuders在周一的新闻发布会上表示,到目前为止,所有的发射前飞行检查都很顺利,包括对猎鹰9号的发动机进行了全程静态试射,并对所有的发射准备工作进行了彩排,包括让Hurley和Behnken进入飞船。不过,审查小组发现Crew Dragon的自动灭火装置存在灭火区域不全面的问题,不过审查小组认为其不影响此次飞行,下次任务改进。目前来看,美国东部时间5月27日(星期三)下午4:33分,美国东部时间5月27日(星期三)下午4:33分,天气导致安全发射的可能性降至40%,不过官员们在新闻发布会上指出,截至今天,天气实际上有好转的趋势
【2020年05月25日】回收船船队出发。
【2020年05月24日】航天员完成了在39A发射台和飞船的全程演练,空天军方面的气象预报出来了,窗口天气只有40%适合发射。主要的天气影响因素是降水,层云和积云,太空军第45气象中队预测发射日当天全天都会有阵雨和雷阵雨,任务能否发射还要持续的气象跟进再决定。还有一个大新闻,作为一发定全局的任务,特朗普与彭斯这俩会抵达卡角看发射。。。。。
【2020年05月23日】于04:33 完成静态点火测试。
【2020年05月22日】火箭起竖,准备在北京时间5月23日04:33进行静态点火测试。这个点火时间正好和发射日当天的点火时间相同,看来应该是在当地的本周五按发射日的时间做整个发射程序的演练。
【2020年05月21日】带有 Crew Dragon (载人龙飞船) 的 Falcon 9 (猎鹰九号) 运载火箭已经抵达LC39A发射台,起竖后即将开始立起来准备进行静态点火测试。
【2020年05月21日】精确发射时间为北京时间5月28日04:33:31。航天员抵达卡角,NASA局长为其举行了一个因疫情而简短的欢迎仪式,进入spacex公开其航天员航天服与39A组装厂房内船箭组装完成的火箭与飞船,即将开始静态点火。
【2020年05月19日】飞船运抵39A总装厂房。
【2020年05月14日】目前,距离5月27日发射还有几周时间,NASA宇航员obert Behnken和Douglas Hurley已经进入飞行前隔离期从而确保他们在太空旅行和在ISS停留期间保持健康状态。相关新闻:NASA SpaceX飞船宇航员正式进入飞行前隔离期
【2020年04月17日】可能5月27日发射,前提是ISS没有新冠病毒。
【2020年04月07日】成员组完成消费逃生演练,发射时间稍作更新,不一定准,本站推测最早也得6月中旬(底都有可能),毕竟是重大任务。
【2020年03月19日】根据媒体邀请函,发射日期不早于5月中下旬。
【2020年02月11日】NASA更新发射日期为5月7日。
【2020年01月30日】更新介绍。

任务图册:

President Donald Trump, right, Vice President Mike Pence, and Second Lady Karen Pence watch the launch of a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket carrying the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft on NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission with NASA astronauts Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley onboard, Saturday, May 30, 2020, from the balcony of Operations Support Building II at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The test flight serves as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley launched at 3:22 p.m. EDT on Saturday, May 30, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)

]A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket carrying the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft is launched from Launch Complex 39A on NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission to the International Space Station with NASA astronauts Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley onboard, Saturday, May 30, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The test flight serves as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley launched at 3:22 p.m. EDT on Saturday, May 30, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket carrying the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft is launched from Launch Complex 39A on NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission to the International Space Station with NASA astronauts Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley onboard, Saturday, May 30, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The test flight serves as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley launched at 3:22 p.m. EDT on Saturday, May 30, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)


(见证发射的人山人海,这个疫情情况嘛。。。)

上图:明天SpaceX载人发射的NASA宇航员 Douglas Hurley带家人参观他将乘坐的龙v2载人飞船,这是他第3次前往国际空间站部署(之前为STS-127和STS-135任务)注意她老婆Karen Nyberg,是曾经的NASA宇航员,2018年退役。曾经两次部署国际空间站(STS-124任务和TMA-09M任务)。

(最新天气预报,天气转好)

(短暂的放倒检修)

(局长为隔离状态的航天员加油打气)

A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket with the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft onboard is seen as it is raised into a vertical position on the launch pad at Launch Complex 39A as preparations continue for the Demo-2 mission, Thursday, May 21, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket with the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft onboard is seen as it is raised into a vertical position on the launch pad at Launch Complex 39A as preparations continue for the Demo-2 mission, Thursday, May 21, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
The crew access arm is swung into position for the Crew Dragon spacecraft and the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket at Launch Complex 39A as preparations continue for the Demo-2 mission, Thursday, May 21, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket with the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft onboard is seen on the launch pad at Launch Complex 39A as preparations continue for the Demo-2 mission, Thursday, May 21, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket with the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft onboard is seen on the launch pad at Launch Complex 39A as preparations continue for the Demo-2 mission, Thursday, May 21, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket with the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft onboard is seen as it is raised into a vertical position on the launch pad at Launch Complex 39A as preparations continue for the Demo-2 mission, Thursday, May 21, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket with the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft onboard is seen as it is raised into a vertical position on the launch pad at Launch Complex 39A as preparations continue for the Demo-2 mission, Thursday, May 21, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket with the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft onboard is seen prior to being raised into a vertical position on the launch pad at Launch Complex 39A as preparations continue for the Demo-2 mission, Thursday, May 21, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket with the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft onboard is seen prior to being raised into a vertical position on the launch pad at Launch Complex 39A as preparations continue for the Demo-2 mission, Thursday, May 21, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket with the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft onboard is seen as it is rolled out of the horizontal integration facility at Launch Complex 39A as preparations continue for the Demo-2 mission, Thursday, May 21, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket with the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft onboard is seen as it is rolled out of the horizontal integration facility at Launch Complex 39A as preparations continue for the Demo-2 mission, Thursday, May 21, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket with the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft onboard is seen as it is rolled out of the horizontal integration facility at Launch Complex 39A as preparations continue for the Demo-2 mission, Thursday, May 21, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket with the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft onboard is seen as it is rolled out of the horizontal integration facility at Launch Complex 39A as preparations continue for the Demo-2 mission, Thursday, May 21, 2020, at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)

(从左至右的分别是B.1051.5、1059.3、1058.1、1060.1)

NASA astronauts Robert Behnken, left, and Douglas Hurley speak to members of the media after arriving at the Launch and Landing Facility at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center ahead of SpaceX’s Demo-2 mission, Wednesday, May 20, 2020, in Florida. NASA’s SpaceX Demo-2 mission is the first launch with astronauts of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft and Falcon 9 rocket to the International Space Station as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The flight test will serve as an end-to-end demonstration of SpaceX’s crew transportation system. Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to launch at 4:33 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, May 27, from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center. A new era of human spaceflight is set to begin as American astronauts once again launch on an American rocket from American soil to low-Earth orbit for the first time since the conclusion of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)

The SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft undergoes final processing at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, in preparation for the Demo-2 launch with NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley to the International Space Station for NASA’s Commercial Crew Program. Crew Dragon will carry Behnken and Hurley atop a Falcon 9 rocket, returning crew launches to the space station from U.S. soil for the first time since the Space Shuttle Program ended in 2011.

On Thursday, March 19 and Friday, March 20, SpaceX teams in Firing Room 4 at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida and the company’s Mission Control in Hawthorne, California, along with NASA flight controllers in Mission Control Houston, executed a full simulation of launch and docking of the Crew Dragon spacecraft, with NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley participating in SpaceX’s flight simulator.
NASA astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken familiarize themselves with SpaceX’s Crew Dragon, the spacecraft that will transport them to the International Space Station as part of NASA’s Commercial Crew Program. Their upcoming flight test is known as Demo-2, short for Demonstration Mission 2. The Crew Dragon will launch on SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket from Launch Complex 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. In March 2019, SpaceX completed an uncrewed flight test of Crew Dragon known as Demo-1, which was designed to validate end-to-end systems and capabilities, bringing NASA closer to certification of SpaceX systems to fly a crew.

On Friday, April 3, 2020, NASA and SpaceX completed an end-to-end demonstration of the teams’ ability to safely evacuate crew members from the Fixed Service Structure during an emergency situation at Launch Complex 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
On Friday, April 3, 2020, NASA and SpaceX completed an end-to-end demonstration of the teams’ ability to safely evacuate crew members from the Fixed Service Structure during an emergency situation at Launch Complex 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

《Falcon 9 • Crew Dragon Demo-2 (63S)• 载人龙飞船首次载人任务 • 美国本土时隔九年后首次执行载人任务•第二次尝试发射成功》上的28个想法

  1. 把长征2F发射页面的评论禁了?这样没法了解最新进展,建议大家在2f之前的发射页面评论最新消息

  2. 这次的预报写的很全面很到位,展示了本次任务的历史与现实意义,感谢小编了。

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。