Soyuz 2.1a • Progress МS-11(72P) • 3小时对接国际空间站 • 印度反卫星实验潜在战果 • 发射成功 • 对接成功

When:
2019年4月4日 @ 19:01
2019-04-04T19:01:00+08:00
2019-04-04T19:16:00+08:00

航天爱好者网向俄罗斯方面温馨提示:R7千万条,成功第一条。加注/组装/质量不规范,保险两行泪

地点:哈萨克斯坦拜科努尔航天发射场 LC-31/6
火箭:Soyuz-2.1a(原定与进步MS-11一道采用载人FG型,后改回2系列火箭,本次任务是R-7家族的第1898次发射)
载荷:进步号 MS-11货运飞船(72P)
客户:Roscosmos
轨道:LEO/ISS(国际空间站International Space Station

直播:

初始轨道根数:
Progress МS-11
1 44110U 19019A 19094.48116964 -.00003803 12023-4 00000+0 0 9998
2 44110 51.6407 7.7211 0024954 66.0389 108.1410 16.25591582 08
Soyuz 2.1a R/B
1 44111U 19019B 19094.47920436 -.00003805 12030-4 00000+0 0 9995
2 44111 51.6433 7.6614 0025873 73.7064 89.0380 16.25782273 02

初始入轨参数:

简介:
毛子的第441艘进步货船,将为远征58/59队提供物资补给与相关实验设备。本次任务采用3小时超快速对接。Progress MS-11航天器将向国际空囘站运送大约2450千克的货物和其它物资。货运飞船将提供食物,常温推进燃料和其他物资,包括705千克推进剂,50千克加压空气与420千克水。

任务风险:

印度卫星碎片将对“进步号”飞船造成威胁


进步MS飞船英文介绍(转自航天大百科网):

The Progress-MS is a unmanned freighter based on the Progress-M-M featuring improved avionics.

The new version features the upgraded Kurs-NA rendezvous system, featuring the AO-753A antenna replaced the earlier 2AO-VKA antenna and three AKR-VKA antennas, while two older 2ASF-M-VKA antennas are retained. Kurs-NA will increase the reliability and safety during docking operations. The new SUD flight control system allows for autonomous trajectory measurements using the GLONASS (Uragan) navigation satellites. The communications system is also upgraded to use the Luch-5 data relay satellites. Also improvements were made to the micrometeoroid protection, the lighting system and the docking port. Finally, beginning with the third flight, Progress-MS can optionally carry four CubeSat deployers for a total of 24 CubeSat-units.

An automated version of Soyuz, known as Progress, was developed to carry propellant and cargo to the Salyut and Mir space stations and it will serve the same purpose for the International Space Station (ISS). Although the Mir and ISS have their own propulsion systems, generally it is the Progress vehicle which will perform periodic reboosting maneuvers to maintain the Space Station orbital altitude. The Progress is approximately the same size as the Soyuz but it has a slightly higher mass at launch of approximately 7150 kg. The Progress spacecraft docks automatically to the space station and there is also a backup remote control docking system. The Progress is composed of three modules: Cargo Module, Refueling Module, and Instrument-Service Module.

The Progress cargo module is similar in construction to the Soyuz orbital module. The cargo module carries pressurized cargo which the crew transfers into the station through the docking hatch. After the cargo module is unloaded, trash, unwanted equipment, and waste water can be loaded into the Progress for disposal when the spacecraft leaves the Station.

In place of the Soyuz descent module, the Progress has a module containing propellant tanks. The Progress is able to transfer propellant into the space station propulsion system through fluid connectors in the docking ring. The propellant in the refueling module can also be used by the thrusters on the Progress vehicle for controlling and re-boosting the Station. The Progress M has four propellant tanks (two each for fuel and oxidizer) and two water tanks. The Progress M1 will have eight propellant tanks and no water tanks. In the Progress M1, water will be delivered in separate containers carried in the cargo module.

The Progress instrument-service module is similar to the module on Soyuz but the pressurized instrument section is twice as long and contains additional avionics equipment. The larger instrument section carries avionics which would be contained in the descent module in the case of the Soyuz.

A typical Progress mission is similar to a Soyuz mission. The spacecraft is launched by the same launch vehicle inside a similar shroud, however there is no launch escape rocket on the shroud since the spacecraft carries no crew. The Progress spends about two days performing the rendezvous process and docks automatically to the Space Station.

Propellant is transferred to the Station tanks through connecting lines in the docking ring The crew unloads cargo from the cargo module and can transfer water manually from the Progress to the Station. When the Progress delivers air or oxygen, it is released directly into the shared atmosphere of the Space Station and Progress vehicle. There are controls in the cargo module for releasing air or oxygen and for transferring water.

While the Progress is docked to the Station it uses its propellant and thrusters to perform Station reboost maneuvers. Trash is loaded into the cargo module when the Progress has completed its mission and is ready to leave the Station. Progress vehicles normally remain at the Station for two to three months.

After separation, the Progress spacecraft performs a deorbit maneuver and is destroyed as it enters the atmosphere. Sometimes a small ballistic capsule is placed within the top hatch of the cargo module and it is ejected during entry. The capsule is equipped with a heatshield and parachute and is used to return small amounts of payload from the Station.

The Progress payload includes cargo in the pressurized cargo module and propellant in the refueling module. There will usually be some excess propellant in the propulsion system tanks in the ISM which can also be used by the Station.

The Progress M carries following cargo to a total ammount of 2350 kg

  • Maximum Pressurized Cargo: 1800 kg
  • Cargo Volume 6.6 m3
  • Maximum Water 420 kg
  • Maximum Air or Oxygen: 50 kg
  • Maximum Refueling Module Propellant: 850 kg
  • ISM Propellant Surplus available to Station: 250 kg
  • Trash Disposal in Cargo Module: up to 1600 kg
  • Waste Water 400 kg

The relative amounts of pressurized cargo, refueling propellant, air, and water will vary within the constraints of the total payload limit. For example, if the maximum amount of propellant is carried then the amount of pressurized cargo will be less than the maximum amount.

动态:

【2019年04月04日】北京时间22点22分,经过3小时21分的飞行,成功对接国际空间站,再次刷新快递运输时间表。
【2019年04月04日】准时发射,8分钟后船箭分离,发射成功,3小时21分钟后成功对接,印度反卫星没能影响此次任务。。。
【2019年03月29日】飞船与适配器对接完毕,已加入整流罩,准备与火箭对接。
【2019年03月23日】飞船已经加注燃料与压缩气体。
【2019年03月07日】俄官方消息,此次任务对接时间控制在3小时24分钟,如果实现将成为与空间站对接速度最快的飞船。
【2019年01月21日】精确起飞时间为4日19:01
【2019年01月10日】推迟到4月4日,当天完成发射对接。
【2018年11月25日】由于埃及间谍星任务占用,任务推迟到3月28日。
【2018年10月02日】外媒消息,这一发定于2019年02月08日。
【2018年10月02日】添加此次任务,飞船于18年09月上旬运抵努尔航天发射场,任务一季度待定。

任务图片:



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